部编小升初英语阅读题型及解题技巧 小学英语阅读理解一般分选择填空、判断、回答问题、完形填空四类。 ①做任何阅读理解首先要通读全文，弄懂句意，千万不得马虎。 ②做好选择填空最好用排除法，首先排除语法、词法上的错误，再根据短文内容逐一排除 每一个选项。 在排除每一个选项的过程中要细心，要明白排除每一项的原因，如果有几项看似都对，那 就要考虑生活实际，排除不符合的。 如果实在排除不了其它选项，先要考虑自己有没有看错短文中的细节，只要题目不错，肯 定有正确答案的。 ③做判断题更加需要细心，先要明白需要判断的语句主要讲的意思，然后再在文中找与此 相关的语句，逐一对比，一旦发现哪有明显的不同，立刻做标记（×）。 ④回答问题要怎么问，怎么答，尽量用原文的句子回答，不要把单词抄错，回答后也要通 读一遍，检查是否与原文相符，有没有语法、词法上的错误。 ⑤完形填空也要用排除法，如果出现一个单词的多种形态，要利用语法常识逐一排除；出 现几个意义相*的单词，要考虑每个单词的用法； 若出现几个不同意义的单词，就考虑每个单词放在文中是否合理。
Long long ago, there was a bad king. All of his people hated him. One hot day, he was taking a walk along a river when he decided to have a swim in it. He was a good swimmer, but while he was in the river, he suddenly fell ill and was dying. At that time two farmers were working in the field nearby. They came over, jumped into the river, and he was saved. They didn't know who was until they pull him out of the water. The king was happy. He said to the two farmer, "Today you have saved my life. Ask for anything, and I'll give it to you. I'm the richest in the world." "Don't tell anybody that we have saved you," the two farmers said together. （1）All of people ____ the king.
（2）One day, the king decided to ______.
A. take a walk
B. have a swim
（3）______ jumped into the river.
C. Walk by the river.
A. The king
（4）The farmers were _____ to save the king.
C. Two farmers
（5）The king was very _____.
A. kind 【答案】（1）C （2）B
（5）C 【解析】【分析】文章大意：描述国王游泳被救的事情。 （1）根据 All of his people hated him.可知所有人都憎恨他，故选 C。 （2）根据 he decided to have a swim in it.可知他决定去游泳。故选 B。 （3）根据 They came over, jumped into the river, and he was saved. 可知这两个农民跳进了河 里救了国王，故选 C。 （4）根据"Don't tell anybody that we have saved you," the two farmers said together.可知这两 个农民看到被救的人是国王不开心，故选 C。 （5）根据 Long long ago, there was a bad king.可知那个国王很坏，故选 C。 【点评】考查对篇章的把握和细节的辨别能力。答题时，紧扣文章中的关键词，做出正确 选择。
3．阅读理解，选择正确的答案。 Long, long ago there lived a king. He was very old and he had no children. So he wanted to
select a new king in the country. One day, the king asked his ministers to give all the children in the country some flower seeds
and told them who can plant the most beautiful flowers will be the king. A child named David planted the seeds and looked after them carefully. But day after day, no
flowers came out from the basin. He was very disappointed. It was time to show the most beautiful flowers. The children from all over the country came
with their beautiful flowers. The king walked in front of the children. When he saw the beautiful flowers, he was very
unhappy. Suddenly, he saw a child carrying an empty basin. He was very glad and asked the boy,” Why
do you carry an empty basin? ” The boy cried and told him the truth. The king laughed,” You are an honest boy. You will be the future king.” In fact, the seeds had
been boiled. （1）The king wanted a new king. （2）The child with the most beautiful flowers will be the king. （3）There were no flowers in David's basin. （4）The seeds from the king can grow flowers. （5）David will be the future king. 【答案】（1）1 （2）1 （3）1 （4）0 （5）1 【解析】【分析】大意：一位没有没有孩子的老国王，为了寻找新的国王，命令大臣给孩 子们发放花种，并说谁能种出最漂亮的花，谁就是新的国王。有一个叫 David 的小男孩儿 精心种植花种，可是日复一日，却没有发芽，David 非常沮丧。到了展示自己的花的时候 了，所有的小朋友都端着美丽的花，可是，只有 David 端着一个空花盆。国王看到端着空
花盆的 David，并询问了情况，David 把事情如实告诉了国王，最后，国王宣布 David 是新 的国王。 （1）句意：国王想选一个新的国王。根据原文 So he wanted to select a new king in the country.可知，国王想给国家找一个新的国王。故答案为：正确。 （2）句意：能培育出最漂亮的花的孩子将成为新的国王。根据原文 who can plant the most beautiful flowers will be the king.可知，谁能培育出最漂亮的花，谁就是国王。故答案为：正 确。 （3）句意：在 David 的花盆里没有花。根据原文 he saw a child carrying an empty basin.可 知，David 的花盆是空的。故答案为：正确。 （4）句意：国王给的种子可以培育出花朵。根据原文 the seeds had been boiled.可知，花种 是煮过的，不会发芽。故答案为：错误。 （5）句意：David 将成为新的国王。根据原文 You will be the future king.可知，David 将是 未来的国王。故答案为：正确。 【点评】考查阅读理解。首先，通读全文，结合题干意思，在原文中寻找对应的句子进行 判断。
Long long ago, there was a cat and a mouse. They were good friends. They lived together. One
day, a cow came and said, "Hello, my friends. There is a football game in the forest tomorrow. Do
you want to join us? If you win, you'll get much food.”
“Really?” The cat and the mouse were very excited. They wanted to take part in this match. So
the cat said to the mouse, "my dear, I often sleep, sleep, sleep. You get up early every day. Please
call me tomorrow.” The mouse said, “Sure.”
The next day, the mouse got up. He went to the football match. But he didn't call the cat. At last,
the cat was very angry with the mouse.
（1）________ were good friends.
A. The cat and the cow B. The mouse and the cow C. The cat and the mouse
（2）There was a _______ game.
（3）________often got up early.
A. The Cat
B. The mouse
C. The cow
（4）________ went to the football match.
A. The mouse
B. The cat
C. The mouse and the cat
（5）Did the mouse call the cat?
C. Sorry, Idon't know
（1）根据短文叙述 Long long ago, there was a cat and a mouse. They were good friends.（很久 以前，有一只猫和一只老鼠。它们是好朋友。）可知猫和老鼠是好朋友。C 选项正确。故 答案为: C. （2）根据短文叙述 There is a football game in the forest tomorrow.（明天森林里有一场足球 赛。）可知有一场足球赛。B 选项正确。故答案为：B. （3）根据短文叙述 So the cat said to the mouse, "my dear, I often sleep, sleep, sleep. You get up early every day. （因此猫对老鼠说：“亲爱的，我经常睡觉。你每天起床很早。”）可知是老 鼠起床早。B 选项正确。故答案为: B. （4）根据短文叙述 The next day, the mouse got up. He went to the football match.（第二天， 老鼠起来了。他去了足球赛。）可知是老鼠。A 选项正确。故答案为：正确。 （5）根据短文叙述 But he didn't call the cat.（可是他没有叫猫。）可知没叫，用否定回 答。故答案为： B. 【点评】这是考查阅读理解的题目。要掌握短文叙述的细节，然后根据短文叙述来完成所 给的问题。
5．阅读理解阅读短文，判断正误。 Danny loves winter, but he's always hot or cold! Danny wants to go outside to play in the snow.
He is going to put on his hat, scarf, jacket, gloves and boots. Why? Because it's cold outside. Now he is putting on his hat, jacket, scarf and gloves. But he takes off his hat quickly. Why? Because he is hot. （1）Danny loves spring. （2）Danny wants to go outside to play in the snow. （3）Danny is going to put on his hat, because it is cold outside. （4）Danny takes off his hat quickly because he is cold. （5）Danny is always hot or cold in winter. 【答案】（1）0 （2）1 （3）1 （4）0 （5）1 【解析】【分析】该短文主要介绍 Danny 喜欢冬天，但又怕热的事情 。 （1）细节阅读，根据 Danny loves winter 得知喜欢冬天，故答案为：错误。 （2）细节阅读，根据 Danny wants to go outside to play in the snow.得知她在去雪地里玩，故 答案为：正确。 （3）细节阅读，根据 He is going to put on his hat, scarf, jacket, gloves and boots. Why? Because it's cold outside.得知因为外面很冷，故答案为：正确。 （4）细节阅读，根据 ut he takes off his hat quickly. Why? Because he is hot.得知脱掉是因为 他热，故答案为：错误。 （5）细节阅读，根据 Danny loves winter, but he's always hot or cold!得知因为她总是又冷又 热，故答案为：正确。
6．阅读理解阅读短文，判断正误。 Mr.Smith looks young,but he is sixty-eight years old.He has some children.One of his sons is a
doctor.The other is studying in America.The daughter is working with her father.Now, Mr.Smith works in a factory near here.He thinks Chinese people are friendly and Chinese food is very good.He can speak a little Chinese.So he goes to Chinese classes every day.He says it is hard to learn Chinese.And he must study hard. （1）Mr. Smith is a young man. （2）Mr. Smith has three children. （3）Mr. Smith's daughter is studying in America. （4）Mr. Smith thinks Chinese people are not friendly. （5）He says it's hard to learn Chinese. 【答案】 （1）0 （2）1 （3）0 （4）1 （5）1 【解析】【分析】 该短文主要是九月一号开学的第一天莉莉的心情及所干的事情。 （1）细节阅读，根据 Today is September 1. It's the first day of school.得知这是开学的第一 天，故答案为：错误。 （2）细节阅读，根据 She wants to meet her friends.得知她想见她的朋友，故答案为：正 确。 （3）细节阅读，根据 Then she rides her bike to school. 得知她骑自行车去上学，故答案为： 错误。 （4）细节阅读，根据 Lily thinks she is a nice teacher.得知她的新老师是个很好的妇女，故答 案为：正确。 （5）细节阅读，根据 Lily meets her new English teacher. Her name is Mrs. Green. 得知格林夫 人是她的英语老师，故答案为：正确。 【点评】此题目要求快速阅读文章，把握内容、了解大意，然后细致阅读，抓住主要内容 和细节，标出关键词，然后做出选择，完成题目。